This will be edited over time. So give me that it’s not going to be complete.

Language:
Any Questions about Language are best directed here:
http://www.zkorean.com

Learn Hangul, it’ll make your life and mine easier, especially since I’ll be using a few Korean words here and there that don’t do well in romaja.

- 아니(야) (anni) (blunt) -no

- 아니오 ) – (annio/anniyo) (incomplete sentence) anniyo is an informal and slightly incorrect pronunciation of annio.

- 여, 응, 네 (ye (for direct answer), ung (informal/babytalk), ne (general yes)) yes.

- 미안해요 (mianhaeyo)- sorry

- 죄송하다 (jwosonghada)- Sorry (very)

- (아자! 화이팅!) Aja! Fighting! is a phrase that means roughly don’t give up do your best. It’s usually followed by a fist movement up into the air.

- 대한민국 (Taehanminguk!) Means Go Republic of South Korea! Kinda like U-S-A! in America.

- 힘다라힘 (Him dara Him!) Is kind of like Aja fighting without the fist movement.

- 괜찮아 (Kwaenchana) – It’s alright, it’s OK, etc.

- 오빠 (Oppa)- Older brother, honoary most of the time. Some Korean women call their boyfriends Oppa. Girl to boy only.

- 언니 (Eonni) – Younger girl to older girl, honoary.

- 누나 (Nuna)- Younger boy to older girl.

- 혱 (Hyeong)- Younger brother to older brother

- 남동생 (Namtongsaeng) Younger brother.

- 여동생 (Yeotongsaeng)- Younger sister.

-아이고 (Aigo)/ 아이구 (Aigoo)- Exclaimation, kind of like disapproval, or because something was upsetting.

Culture:

- If you want to pay elders respect don’t look directly in their eyes.

- It’s tradition to ask three times to get something. This shows up in My Girl, among other dramas.

- When you are preparing for an event, or are getting ready to pick up something, putting out your tongue and then touching it between your tongue and nose three times sometimes will show up.

- When something is really hot (temperature), Korean grab their ears afterwards instead of blowing on their fingers like Americans do.

- It’s rude to call someone older than you by their name unless they ask or you are close.

- There are two forms of speech, formal and informal. Most of it depends heavily on verb endings.

Food:

- Kimbap is literally seaweed wrapped around rice, which is usually picked. (Kim- laver, bap-rice). The most common version has yellow picked radish in the center julienned carrots (softened with blanching and a little sesame oil), soaked mushrooms, spinach and bulgogi. In English subbing this gets translated as “rice rolls” and “lunch rolls” as well as “Korean Sushi” which are all incorrect. The rice itself usually has rice vinegar, a little salt, and unlike the Japanese, a little sugar to soften the taste. It incidentally is my favorite Korean food and a specialty of the region I come from.

- Bulgogi is thinly sliced beef (off the bone), usually a low grade (which is best for this), marinated in soysauce (korean, as supposed to the Japanese and Chinese grades), ginger, sesame oil, LOTS of garlic (if it has less than eeasy counting range, you haven’t put in enough), and a bit of sugar. Then it’s allowed to marinate for a hour or so. Put on a flaming hot grill. The sugar will caramelize on the meat. Then you make lettuce wraps out of it.

- Lettuce Wraps usually consist of meat (pork belly being best, and cheapest), and then a variety of other things can be put in from Korean Hot peppers, Bean paste, Hot pepper paste, fried garlic, fried onions, kimchi, etc. The cultural note is that if you make it big and another person feeds it to you (usually a significant other), they will see your insides, or your true feelings.

- Kimchi is a stple of Korea. If you don’t eat Kimchi then you haven’t eaten a good meal. When Koreans get colds, they say “Didn’t you eat your Kimchi”. In fact, Kimchi is said to have staid off SARS. Koreans are proud of their Kimchi, and even family recipes are made around it. Anyhow, the majority of Kimchi is in the Nappa/Cabbage form. There are of course Kimchi from everything. There’s squid Kimchi, Radish Kimchi, etc. It gets some getting used to. Koreans accilmate their kids from an early age. It can be spicy or not spicy. The main ingredients are pepper, garlic, ginger, and depending on the region either fish paste, fish sauce, dried shrimp, or another sea-food flavor. The seafood flavor and spice is stronger in the south of Korea. Before peppers, Kimchi consisted of cabbage in brine.

- Bap. If you don’t eat every last morsel of rice, then you haven’t finished the meal. In Korean Dramas, it’s often the men that say that real men eat rice and meat, not ramen/noodles.

- Korean Peppers. There is nothing else like it, nor no other substitute. they have a unique aroma, that’s the signature of Kimchi. They can range from mild like a bell pepper to burning your ears out. Jalepinos are kind of like them in flavor, though not texture and taste. They are strangely aromatic, and sweet.